Purchasing a home is probably the single biggest investment you will ever make. So before you sign on the dotted line, you must be certain that the "title" of the property is free of any other claims.
Determining that your rights and interests to the property are clear is the business of a title company.
You pay the title insurance company a single premium which includes the cost of verifying clear title and covers you in case some fault is later discovered in the title.
The title company performs an extensive search on the title history of the property. The title company can almost always identify any title problems that may arise and clear up these problems before you close on the property.
Because Real Estate Law is so complicated, you need an expert to make sure that all previous transactions have been correct, so you don't end up with legal problems or a problem with the title to your property. Your owner's policy will describe the property and outline any recorded limitations on your ownership. It will also set forth the title company's responsibilities should any claim covered by the policy terms arise. Title insurance usually covers:
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